Assignment 2 CS 120/121 Getting Started Objectives: 1. Gain an understanding of research strategies 2. Expand the preliminary outline, developed in Assignment 1, into a final full-sentenceoutline 3. Evaluate sources for credibility 4. Develop an annotated bibliography Important Note: You must complete the individual portion of this assignment in order to receive credit for the group portion. Format: 1. Use APA 6th edition or later for all references 2. Use EndNote as your Bibliographic Manager Note: Information Literacy Tutorials 3 and 4 must be completed prior to the submission of the individual portion. You must post screenshots of your tutorial completion on Blackboard. If you do not submit the screenshot, you will not receive any credit for your individual portion of this assignment. Due date: Refer to Important Dates document or the Schedule (PLE) . A2 -Individual Portion Directions: Search and Annotated Bibliography 1. Conduct in-depth research using journal databases, books and other academic/peerreviewed sources. a. Understand the difference between Keywords and Subject Headings. b. Keep track of the subject headings you used to find your sources i. NOTE: Wikipedia, newspapers and .com’s are not acceptable sources. 2. Create an annotated bibliography for any TWO accepted and any TWO rejected sources . a. Include all accepted sources used in your research in your bibliography. b. Evaluate each source carefully using at a minimum the CRAAP test as discussed in the recitations and any other criteria to help you determine its credibility or lack of it. c. Annotated Bibliography: i. Import your sources using EndNote and add your annotations tothose sources on the Word document. 2 Example: Annotated Bibliography Samples | The Writing Lab & OWL at Purdue ii. Annotations contain a summary, assessment and reflection for each source. 3. Conduct the following searches through the ODU library’s home page. a. Do a Keyword Title search for relevant books for your thesis i. List a minimum of 6 search terms used (put each search combination on a separate line) ii. Write an annotated bibliography for at least ONE book that you accepted or rejected. b. Do TWO Journal Database searches in the ODU library databases for articles relevant to your thesis. Use a subject specific journal database that relates to your topic. i. List the exact name of database, not just EBSCO OR ProQuest ii. Do a Subject Heading search. iii. For subject heading searches, you can employ any "narrow by subject" option (such as the Subject dropdown to the left of the results list inany EBSCO database, or you might find subject headings by clicking on an "indexes" tab or on a link entitled "Thesaurus) iv. List the search terminology used (indicate what words you used tosearch with, and in what combinations, each search listed on a separate line). v. Write an annotated bibliography for TWO (one from eachdatabase) accepted or rejected sources. c. Do a Google Scholar search to find articles relevant to your thesis. Read the information in this link on the advantages and limitations of using Google Scholar: http://guides.lib.odu.edu/content.php?pid=383017&sid=3138706 i. List the most relevant search terminology used ( indicate what words you used to search with, and in what combinations, putting each search on a separate line) ii. Indicate if this source is available as full text directly through Google Scholar. If not, how do you access it through ODU libraries databases ? iii. Write an annotated bibliography for ONE accepted or rejected source. Note: You are required to talk about these justifications during the oral presentations. Full-Sentence Outline: 1. Expand your section in the preliminary outline (from Assignment 1) to create a fullsentence outline, as described in Badke 6th Edition 2. The outline must be in proper APA format: All elements of the outline must be written in complete sentences. 3. Include in-text citations wherever evidence is quoted ● Example: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/544/03/ 3 Microsoft Word Document Requirements: ● Name the document: ● a2-ind-group-##-name.docx ▪ Replace ## with your group’s number ▪ Replace name with your name ● Include a cover page with the following information: ● Your name ● Professor’s name ● CRN ● Group number ● Line spacing: single spaced ● Margins: 1 inch all around ● Font type: Times New Roman (12pt) ● Order of Information: ● Cover page ● Group thesis ▪ Indicate if it has changed and the reason for the change ● Full sentence outline in proper APA format ▪ List the names of your group members against each Level-1 heading including the Rebuttal ● Annotated bibliography – Include your annotations for TWO accepted and TWO rejected sources along with a thorough analysis of each source using the CRAAP test and any other criteria you used to determine its credibility or lack of it. ● Bibliography with a list of all accepted sources you plan to use in your research (you may have more than just the two- for which you wrote annotations) ● All sources must be created in and imported from EndNote. Do not Copy and Pastethe sources. Microsoft PowerPoint Requirements: ● Name the document: ● a2-ind-group-##-name.pptx ● Replace ## with your group’s number ● Replace name with your name ● Slides are well designed, readable, and contain zero errors in punctuation,grammar, capitalization, and spelling. ● Slide contains the student's name on each slide. ● No more than 5-7 bullet points on each slide. Avoid using paragraphs inyour PowerPoint slides wherever possible ● Order of Information: ● Title slide with the following information ▪ Your name ▪ Professor’s name ▪ CRN ▪ Group number 4 ● Group Thesis statement ● Full-sentence outline. ● Introduction of your portion of the research topic ● Thorough explanation of how you chose the topic, how you narrowed it down throughout the research. What combination of keywords and subjectheadings gave you the best results? ● Contains ONE rejected source and ONE accepted source with a critical review of each. ● Add screenshots of how you evaluated each source for each criterion ofthe CRAAP test and any other criteria you used.
Thesis: Because college corresponds to a challenging time for many students, those students who attend college are posed
at a greater risk of suffering from mental health issues such as depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and addiction.
I am responsible for explaining how students who attend college are posed to a greater risk of suffering from depression and suicidal ideations.
Depression and Suicidal Ideations Among College Students
Not only is there a rise in mental health issues among college students, but they are also being left untreated. Mental health issues such as depression and suicidal ideations are associated with substantial current role impairments (Ebert, 2019). The rise of mental health challenges facing college students today is becoming such a substantial issue that experts and researchers are using terms such as “epidemic” and “crisis” to characterize the problem. This shows there is a huge concern that needs a solution. There are many statistics to back up these claims. According to 2018 and 2019 student surveys from the American College Health Association (ACHA), about 60% of respondents felt "overwhelming" anxiety, while 40% experienced depression so severe they had difficulty functioning. This shows that about three out of five students can experience overwhelming anxiety and depression, further supporting the idea that college students are at risk and need help and treatment. Not only do these students have to adjust to their new lifestyle but they also must think about finances, work after graduation and failed relationships. If these students do not have the proper coping strategies depression can be an outcome.
How My Research Strategy Changed Over Time
• I was making very random searchers and getting topics that had no relation to my thesis
• My searches were too specific limiting my results
• I had no developed outline and my results were making my topic seem unorganized and sloppy
• I was skipping through articles missing information
• Strategically used keyword searchers
• Use the subject heading searchers
• Have a developed thesis and reference back to my outline when searching
• Looking at abstract introduction and conclusion before trying to read the entire article
Elhai, J. D., Levine, J. C., Alghraibeh, A. M., Alafnan, A. A., Aldraiweesh, A. A., & Hall, B. J. (2018). Fear of missing out: Testing relationships with negative affectivity, online social engagement, and problematic smartphone use. Computers in Human Behavior, 89, 289-298. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2018.08.020
• Currency: This article was published in 2018
• Relevance: This article was not relevant as it focused mainly on Fear of Missing Out (FOMO) and social engagement, while I am focusing on how college students experience greater risks of depression and anxiety.
• Authority: published by APA PsychNet which provides trustworthy articles through Old Dominion University,
• Accuracy: The study showed that more research needs to be conducted on college students’ FOMO related negative affectivity.
• Purpose: To inform readers on what FOMO is and how it affects college student's depression, anxiety, and psychopathology- related constructs.
• Overall evaluation: This article was rejected because while this is a huge problem in colleges this does not have any relation to my topic even though it came up in the search results. While depression is mentioned, the discussion on it is brief and only in the introduction. While analyzing the article the sources and quality of information is good, however it is lacking relatability.
Rejected Source 1
Becker, S. P., Holdaway, A. S., & Luebbe, A. M. (2018). Suicidal Behaviors in College Students: Frequency, Sex Differences, and Mental Health Correlates Including Sluggish Cognitive Tempo. Journal of Adolescent Health, 63(2), 181-188. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.02.013
• Currency: This article was published within the last five years on August of 2018
• Relevance: This journal article provides arguments on my thesis topic and provides several sources to back up the information, further supporting my argument.
• Authority: Written by Stephen P. Becker, PhD, Alex S. Holdaway, PhD, and Aaron M. Luebbe, PhD. This article was also published by an adolescent health journal
• Accuracy: The information has been reviewed multiple times before final publish date.
• Purpose: The purpose of this journal article was to inform by describing the rates of suicidal behaviors among college students.
• Overall evaluation: this source was accepted because it is very useful in explaining suicidal behaviors of college students. This will be useful in discussing suicidal ideations within college students and the signs of it. This article also discusses how suicidal ideations relate to other mental health issues. I like how this article organizes the information and provides a lot of supporting facts to back up the claims.
Accepted Source 1
Urban areas are significantly affected by air pollution on the premise of Health Implications,
Damage to the Environment, and Regulations.
B. Full-Sentence Outline
a. Air pollution in urban area has many health consequences i. Air pollution affects the respiratory system.
1. Respiratory diseases have become more common as air pollution has gotten worse (D’Amato 2002).
2. There have been several studies that have shown the effect air pollution has on the respiratory system (Almetwally 2020).
ii. Air pollution also causes other common illnesses. 1. There are many respiratory diseases that can come from air
pollution such as asthma, bronchitis, and lung cancer (Almetwally
2. Pulmonary embolisms were shown to be caused by weather and air pollution in a study done in Tunisia to see how weather and air
pollution can be negative for the environment (Imène 2020).
b. Air Pollution Prevention measures help reduce the negative consequences. i. Slowing the spread of air pollution can reduce the number of people
1. There was a study done showing how people get affected by air pollution, this will try to narrow down to give more in depth on
how to prevent it (Da Schio 2020).
2. In the homes and indoors there can still be a factor of air pollution, so keeping that area clear can slow down the effects of air
pollution (Schwela 2000).
ii. Awareness can reduce the exposure to pollution. 1. Air pollution can affect the produce in many parts of Urban Cities.
If Urban Gardens are put together it can help stop the air pollution
from affecting the produce. (Amato 2017).
2. Studies like the one about personal exposure will bring attention to the subject of air pollution and what contributes to the increase in it
(Da Schio 2020).
C. ODU Library’s -Keyword Title search
1. Search Terms
– Air Pollution
– Urban Areas
– Pollution effects
– Urban Area Pollution
– Pollution and Health
– Pollution Prevention,
2. Rejected Books
– Müezzinoglu, A., & Bach, M. (1992). Industrial Air Pollution [electronic Resource]
Assessment and Control. Air pollution where there is a lot of industrial work happening
can lead to more pollution than in other areas, due to the chemicals and elements being
put off into the air. The quality y is high based on the information given, but the
relevance is not there for the thesis.
– Mukhopadhyay, A. (1970). Air pollution by automotive source in urban centres, with
reference to Athens metropolitan area. (ACE publication series. Research report no. 8).
Athens: Athens Technological Organization. Air Pollution can happen in a place with a
lot of traffic and vehicles. There are many ways that it can be changed and put a halt to
This book discusses particulate matter and other chemical elements releasing into the
air from industries and vehicles. This article mainly focuses on methods and techniques
to measure the pollution.
Since the focus of our thesis is on the effects of air pollution on the public in the urban
areas, it does not fit well with the topics on the thesis though.
D. Journal Database-Search #1
1. Specific Journal Database :
2. Subject Headings:
3. Search Terminology
a. Initial keyword search: Air Pollution and Urban Areas
-Narrowed by these subject headings: Metropolitan Areas
b. Second keyword search done: Air Pollution and prevention
-Narrowed by these subject headings: Air Pollution emission prevention
4. Accepted article
Amato-Lourenco, L. F., Lobo, D. J. A., Guimarães, E. T., Moreira, T. C. L., Carvalho-
Oliveira, R., Saiki, M., Saldiva, P. H. N., & Mauad, T. (2017). Biomonitoring of genotoxic
effects and elemental accumulation derived from air pollution in community urban
gardens. Science of the Total Environment, 575, 1438–1444. https://doi-
This goes over the idea of Urban Gardens and how it effects its community with air
pollution. Caution must be taken to make sure the plants grow without being affected
by the pollution. A big issue urban cities have is safe produce production due to the
environment and the pollution.
Article explains the effects of urban pollution in detail. Also discusses the excellent work
done by other researchers in this field. This article builds on the previously reported
work and enhances the understanding of effects of air pollution and the measures
needed to reduce its effects.
The source was about to give me an understanding of how people have to struggle to
get things they need; this brings more issues of pollution to life. This goes with the
in the sense of it is an issue because of air pollution.
E. Journal Database Search #2
1. Specific Journal Database :
Environmental Science Index
2. Subject Headings:
3. Search Terminology
a. Initial keyword search: Air Pollution Prevention
-Narrowed by these subject headings: Pollution Control, emissions
b. Second keyword search done: Air Pollution In Urban Areas
-Narrowed by these subject headings: Air Pollution
4. Rejected article
De Oliveira, R. H., Carneiro, C. de C., de Almeida, F. G. V., de Oliveira, B. M., Nunes, E.
H. M., & dos Santos, A. S. (2019). Multivariate air pollution classification in urban
areas using mobile sensors and self-organizing maps. International Journal of
Environmental Science & Technology (IJEST), 16(10), 5475–5488.
Using different types of data and censors the data shows how to find out the severity of
air pollution through classifications. There are many different indicators to find the
classifications. A high time for air pollution during traffic hours due to the increase in
The main focus of this article is about classifying urban locations through a
computational technique, self-organizing maps. Four air pollutants: carbon monoxide
(CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen oxide (NO2), and ozone (O3) are taken as
parameters to classify urban locations for pollutant concentrations.
This article focuses on computational methods to identify geographical locations
of air pollution, but not the effects of air pollution on people. Hence, this source is not
very useful for our topic of research.
F. Google Scholar-Search
1. Search Terminology
Air pollution in Urban areas
2. Full text of the article through Google Scholar is not available. Couldn’t find it in ODU
libraries either. Utilized ODU interlibrary loan facility to access the full text.
D'Amato, G., Liccardi, G., D'Amato, M., & Cazzola, M. (2002). Respiratory
allergic diseases induced by outdoor air pollution in urban areas. Monaldi
archives for chest disease = Archivio Monaldi per le malattie del torace, 57(3-
4), 161–163. Respiratory diseases are common with air pollution and have been
becoming more common with the increase. There are many illnesses that can be
contracted from air pollution and there needs to be some prevention before it gets
This article discusses the effects of air pollution on human health in detail.
Source also provides evidence that shows an increase in atmospheric
concentrations of pollutants such as ozone (O3), oxides of nitrogen (NOX),
particulate matter (PM10), and volatile organic chemicals (VOC5). Also
discusses clearly how this linked to respiratory diseases such as bronchial
asthma and other health issues in the urban areas of developed countries.
The information from this source is perfectly suitable for our thesis because the
focus of our topic is to discuss negative effects of air pollution in the urban areas.
Almetwally, A. A., Bin-Jumah, M., & Allam, A. A. (2020). Ambient air pollution and its influence on
human health and welfare: An overview. Environmental Science and Pollution Research
International, 27(20), 24815-24830. doi:http://dx.doi.org.proxy.lib.odu.edu/10.1007/s11356-
Amato-Lourenco, L. F., Lobo, D. J. A., Guimarães, E. T., Moreira, T. C. L., Carvalho-Oliveira, R., Saiki, M.,
Saldiva, P. H. N., & Mauad, T. (2017). Biomonitoring of genotoxic effects and elemental
accumulation derived from air pollution in community urban gardens. Science of the Total
Environment, 575, 1438–1444. https://doi-
D'Amato, G., Liccardi, G., D'Amato, M., & Cazzola, M. (2002). Respiratory allergic diseases
induced by outdoor air pollution in urban areas. Monaldi archives for chest disease =
Archivio Monaldi per le malattie del torace, 57(3-4), 161–163.
Da Schio, N. (2020). Self-Portraits of Personal Exposure to Air Pollution: on where and when People Are
Exposed, and on why it Is Difficult to Avoid. Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 48(4),
Imène, K., Mohamed, K., Meriam, H., Haifa, A., Maher, M., Mohamed, A., . . . Nejb, M. (2020). Influence of weather and air pollution on the occurrence of idiopathic pulmonary embolism in the region of sousse (tunisia). Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 27(30), 37660- 37667.
Schwela , D. (2000). Air Pollution and Health in Urban Areas, Reviews on Environmental Health, 15(1-2),
13-42. doi: https://doi.org/10.1515/REVEH.2000.15.1-2.13.
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