Review your problem or issue and the cultural assessment. Consider how the findings connect to your topic and intervention for your capstone change project. Write a list of three to five objectives for your proposed intervention. Below each objective, provide a one or two sentence rationale.
After writing your objectives, provide a rationale for how your proposed project and objectives advocate for autonomy and social justice for individuals and diverse populations.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
Review your problem or issue and the cultural assessment.
This is the prevention of influenza in children
since the PICOT question paper you are working on is on the same
Running head: INFLUENZA 1
Prevention of Influenza
Prevention of Influenza
PICOT Question: In children below five years (P) how does the use of influenza vaccine (I) compared to not receiving the vaccine (c) influence the risk of developing flu (o) during flu season
Influenza or flu is one of the most contagious infections in the world. It mostly affects children and elderly individuals due to their weak immune systems. During the winter season, the flu claims the lives of thousands of young children and causes multiple complications. The influenza virus can easily spread from one person to another through sneezing as well as coughing (Rofles et al., 2018). It incubates for a period of about one to four days. In children, some of the symptoms of the disease include otitis media, vomiting, and nausea. The best way to ensure that the child does not get infected during the flu season is to vaccine them. Several studies have found that a yearly vaccine reduces the likelihood of contracting the influenza virus (Rofles et al., 2018). However, there is a need to investigate further how a vaccine precisely protects someone from influenza. To do this, the researcher will conduct an experimental study.
As indicated above, young children, especially those under the age of 5, are most likely to die from a flu infection. Research has found the virus to be extremely severe in children and often leads to hospitalization, if not death. The protection of young children against this virus has been recommended by health authorities across the nation (Rofles et al., 2018). There is a possibility that the effects of the flu on children younger than five years old, is higher than what official statistics and epidemiological studies report. This is because sometimes, children who die from influenza complications are not usually tested for the flu virus (Lee et al., 2018). The impact of influenza on children is likely to be devastating, and therefore there is a need to conduct research on the effectiveness of vaccines on this population group
Vaccination against the flu virus is the best form of protection against influenza infection. Evidence-based literature will be used to examine how effective vaccination against the flu has been in younger children (Grohskopf & Munoz, 2018). It will be used to assess how children younger than six months can be protected from flu since they cannot be vaccinated. Possible interventions, such as maternal immunization, will be explored. Vaccines such as LAIV3 (attenuated vaccine), quadrivalent inactivated vaccine, and others will be examined too (Finn, 2018).
In order to understand the importance of vaccination, the researcher will administer the vaccine to a portion of the sample, and the rest will be used as the control group. The participants in the control group will be observed closely to ensure that, if infected, the virus does not get out of hand.
It is expected that the use of the best intervention (best vaccines) will reduce the risk of getting infected with the influenza virus (Gilkey et al., 2016). A positive result can only be achieved by getting the vaccine before the flu season begins. The nurses will be responsible for administering the vaccines and educating the people on its importance, particularly first time mothers.
The outcomes will be measured during the winter season. This is when most children are affected by the influenza virus. However, as mentioned, the vaccines will have to be administered before the flu season arrives in order to test for its effectiveness.
Finn, A. (2018). Clinical Trials of Influenza Vaccines: Special Challenges. In Influenza Virus (pp. 567-573). Humana Press, New York, NY.
Gilkey, M. B., McRee, A. L., Magnus, B. E., Reiter, P. L., Dempsey, A. F., & Brewer, N. T. (2016). Vaccination confidence and parental refusal/delay of early childhood vaccines. PloS one, 11(7), e0159087.
Grohskopf, L. A., & Munoz, F. M. (2018). 2018-2019 Recommendations for influenza prevention and treatment in children: an update for pediatric providers.
Lee, V. J., Ho, Z. J. M., Goh, E. H., Campbell, H., Cohen, C., Cozza, V., … & Bresee, J. (2018). Advances in measuring the influenza burden of disease. Influenza and other respiratory viruses, 12(1), 3.
Rolfes, M. A., Foppa, I. M., Garg, S., Flannery, B., Brammer, L., Singleton, J. A., … & Reed, C. (2018). Annual estimates of the burden of seasonal influenza in the United States: a tool for strengthening influenza surveillance and preparedness. Influenza and other respiratory viruses, 12(1), 132-137.
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