Read the questions carefully and address all the parts of the questions you choose to answer. Please choose 2 questions out of the 4 to answer. Draw your answers from the information in the readings/class notes/videos when applicable.
You do not need to cite your sources in the text or at the end of your exam.
For every question, please write about ~2 pages double-spaced, answers 12 font. Write your answers in sentences and paragraphs, and make sure to break your answers into different paragraphs.
POSC 015 COMPARATIVE POLITICS / Dr. Irepoglu Carreras Spring 2021 – Final Exam Due date on iLearn: June 8, Tuesday at 11:59 PM (end of day) PLEASE READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY! Please write all the answers in a separate word processing document. Please submit all your answers in one word (.doc or .docx) or pdf (.pdf) document using Safe Assign and please put your name in that document and number your pages. (.pages format is not supported in iLearn). Do not copy the questions into your answer document but make sure to indicate which questions you are answering (for the essay choices). Read the questions carefully and address all the parts of the questions you choose to answer. Please choose 2 questions out of the 4 to answer. Draw your answers from the information in the readings/class notes/videos when applicable. You do not need to cite your sources in the text or at the end of your exam. For every question, please write about ~2 pages double-spaced, answers 12 font. Write your answers in sentences and paragraphs, and make sure to break your answers into different paragraphs. Every answer is worth 40 points * 2 = 80 points this essay section in total (The remaining 20 points come from the multiple choice/true or false part of the exam, which is to be submitted separately on iLearn.) 80 + 20 = 100 (In total, the midterm exam is graded out of 100 and is worth 35% point of your course grade.) THE QUESTIONS ARE ON THE NEXT TWO PAGES
THIS ESSAY PART OF THE EXAM HAS THREE PAGES including this one. GOOD LUCK!
QUESTIONS (CHOOSE 2 OUT OF THE OPTIONS 1,2,3,4)
For every question, please write an approximately 2 pages double-spaced, 12 font answer. You can go slightly over the suggested page length, or you can write slightly shorter as well (1.5 pages). Each question is worth 40 points. The grade breakdown of each part of the questions is indicated. You don’t need to use colors in your answers. Each question has several prompts. Make sure to answer all of these parts in the 2 questions you choose to answer. They are indicated in different colors for clarity, so make sure to answer the prompts in each color in your answer. Please structure your answer based on these different prompts of the questions. 1. As systems of government, what are the main distinguishing features between
presidential and parliamentary systems? What is another way of referring to these systems? When answering this question, explain their differences in terms of the following: The title of chief executive, how this chief executive selected, how the assembly is selected, whether the assembly can be dismissed before its fixed term or not, the possibility of removal of the chief executive before fixed term, and who holds the main authority to legislate. (18 points) While writing about these differences, elaborate on them when you can. List one country example for each type. Are there more parliamentary or presidential systems around the world? (8 points) After answering these questions, think about the example of France. How do we classify the system of government in France? Why? Does it have one of the above-mentioned two systems or not? (8 points) Does the UK have the same type of political system? Why or why not? Very briefly explain. (6 points)
2. What are the main differences between SMD (also known as majoritarian or
first-past-the-post) and the proportional representation (PR) electoral systems? Make sure to explain “district magnitude” and seat allocation in your answer among other differences, and give country examples for both electoral systems (16 points). Which system leads to overrepresentation of larger parties? (4 points) What are some of the important consequences of having SMD versus proportional representation electoral systems? Be specific. (12 points). Then, connecting the topic of electoral systems with party systems: Is the SMD electoral system or the PR system more likely to produce multiparty systems (many parties entering the parliament)? Explain the reasoning. (8 points)
TWO MORE QUESTION OPTIONS ON THE NEXT PAGE
3. What are the main characteristics of authoritarian regimes? Briefly explain. In
your answer, make sure to highlight how authoritarian regimes are different than democracies (6 points). Then, list and briefly explain at least TWO TYPES of authoritarian regimes, and give country examples (18 points). Then, briefly list the four key indicators of authoritarian behavior (of leaders, etc.) according to the chapter by Levitsky and Ziblatt (2018 (6 points). Finally, briefly define the categorization of “illiberal regimes”. Give an example of a country in this category. (6 points) (Think of the last live session and the relevant book chapter) What are some other categorizations associated with/similar to illiberal regimes? (Think of the last live session here) (4 points).
4. What are the main attributes of a democracy? Explain by referring to different
conditions proposed by different authors (7 conditions by Dahl + additional 4 conditions by Schmitter & Karl and O’Donnell) (10 points). What is an important think-tank (NGO) that categorizes countries in the world in terms of their democracy levels? Which two main dimensions of democracy are included when scoring and categorizing the countries? Specify (5 points). How does this think- tank classify the countries around the world: What are the three categories? (5 points). Explain AT LEAST TWO of the domestic factors of democratization (12 points), and then briefly explain what we mean by “waves” of democratization (8 points).
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