This 10-page (double-spaced, not counting the title and/or the cover page) should use either a narrative or an ethnographic approach to qualitative research. The fundamental question your assignment should address is: Why do people have a habit of coming to this particular place, as opposed to another one? What do they do there, and how is this place meaningful to them? Although both narrative research and ethnography explore people's experience with the place you selected, they do it in different ways:
Format: APA 7
Please use textbook and previous research to complete
Human Behavior and Interactions in Religious Gatherings
The church is one of the best places to study human interactions and behavior. Church is attendees are of all genders, races, and ages making it simple to scrutinize relations. Religion is one of the oldest and influential institutions in the history of humankind. In America, three-quarters of the population has religious affiliations that significantly affect their stance and approach towards life (Zeller, 2011). Christianity is the most prominent religion in America amounting to 65% percent of adults (Zeller, 2011). Human interactions and behavior vary with the environment, culture, and religious beliefs. Religion has a way of moderating behavior and shaping interactions to march a particular belief system. People are influenced divergently by religion, where some seem more fanatical and obsessed with others. Men tend to have a different outlook on religion from women across all races in the world. There is a considerable discrepancy in appreciation of religion between the Caucasian and the black minority (Zeller, 2011). These disparities reflect in behavior, view, and how a similar religion shapes people's lives differently.
Statement of the problem
America being such a religious nation has proposed that Christianity is the solution to having prolific interactions and apposite behaviors. Many claims that religion is the most powerful tool in solving racism and immorality. This has led to a push of Christian values in the public system, which is radically opposed, by the atheist and other religions (Olson, 2020). While the majority advocate for religion to foster relations, behaviors, and perspectives others see it as a control and manipulative tool. Religion to some is hypocritical and the cause of the many divisions in society. Many people run into religion to hide from responsibility and accountability for their behavior. Churches are seen as a source of solace, peace, love, and acceptance of all kinds of people without partiality (Olson, 2020). The research will be carried out in churches in different States. This will involve attending the church services, interacting with the men, women, youths, and interviewing them. A keen study on the demographics of the church, the behavior, and interaction while in the churches and outside, nature of relations among the different races, interactions outside and inside the church. It is believed that men are generally lesser religious than women. In addition, minority groups like blacks are regarded as more religious than the white majority. The role of religion in shaping people's lives cannot be ignored since what we believe automatically determines how we behave.
The purpose of the study
The research aims to investigate the different human interactions and behavior in Christian gatherings. In addition, to identify the dynamics of Christianity and its impact on different genders and races and compare human relations and characters between the religious and the non-religious folks.
Are women more religious than men are, and how does religion shape relations and behavior in different ethnicities?
Epistemological, axiological, and ethical issues associated with conducting this research
This research study is prone to major epistemological issues on knowledge, warrant, justification, and rationality. Our core focus, Christianity, takes the bible as the special authority book to completely be obeyed. Conversely, Christians interpret the bible differently, which affects how they apply its teachings in their day-to-day life (Olson, 2020). Justifying some claims from the bible can be intricate when the interpretation and reference are contradictory. As a researcher, it is vital to have a close relationship with the interviewees. People will fake behavior, particularly when in Christian gatherings giving a wrong impression of who they are. Christians are also prone to saying quotes religiously, which are not necessarily practical. There are also numerous personal convictions and encounters in this belies that are hard to justify. The other epistemological issue in this research is the complexity in differentiating what knowledge is possible, innate, or acquired through experience (Creswell & Poth, 2006).
This research may bring numerous axiological issues because religion is a very subjective topic. For instance, as a researcher who fully believes in Christianity as the only truth, it’s possible to be based on its part in shaping human relations and behavior and even discount any shortcomings (Olson, 2020). While the study aims to differentiate between fallacies and facts in this topic, personal values may attract subjectivity in judgment. It takes comprehension to appositely judge people's values and morals (Creswell & Poth, 2006). The difference between the values that are religiously imputed and culturally gained is minute. This research demands extensive axiology of the Christian religion, which even some interviewees may not well comprehend. This research will require the researcher to identify and acknowledge all possible biases depending on personal religious stance. It is vital to differentiate personal interpretation of human relations and behaviors and those of the participants.
The theme of religion attracts several ethical concerns. America is a country with freedom of faith and negates any harassment and bigotry on one's religion. Research requires the informed consent of the participants (Creswell & Poth, 2006). In this case, informed consent may lead to invalid results, as many religious people will fake behavior when under observation. In addition, they may view the research as demonic and with an intention to discredit their beliefs. Conducting this research requires getting first-hand information while remaining ethical in allowing voluntary participation, communicating results, and assuring confidentiality.
Creswell, J., & Poth, C. (2006). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design (4th ed., pp. 15-60). SAGE.
Olson, E. (2020). Book Review of Development on Purpose: Faith & Human Behavior in the Social Environment. Social Work & Christianity, 47(3), 123-125. https://doi.org/10.34043/swc.v47i3.167
Zeller, B. (2011). Religion and Science in America. Religion Compass, 5(4), 139-149. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-8171.2011.00265.x
Religions hold the strongest belief that has existed in the past millennium. Religion also determines the type of social behavior. For instance, religion has been known to enhance social bonding. Additionally, the article posits that religion plays a pivotal role in the self-identification and collective identity of a given community, which shapes cultural norms, attitudes, and influences individual and group behavior.
The articles “Religion in everyday life” argue that children are perspective about the supernatural agents and concepts of Gods from a tender age, causing the teleological bias of accepting phenomenon based on the purpose they serve other than postulated causes which tend to persist in adulthood (Stenmark, 2016). Various religions enforce moral behavior through positive and negative reinforcement by infusing god-fearing elements in scriptures like Karma, reincarnation in Hinduism, hell-heaven in Christianity.
A second article, "Influence of Religion on the Criminal Behavior of emerging adults," relates to my proposal in the sense that it argues religion in America is known to influence people's behaviors. For instance, the study shows that highly regarded religions have a happy life but are unlikely to be involved in socially conscious consumer choices (Arikan & Ben-Nun Bloom, 2019). Further, the article relates to my proposal in that America has Christianity as the most prominent religion. Those who pray nearly every day meet with their extended family at least twice a month. A survey given to non-Christians in America indicates their behavior was majorly determined by the rules and beliefs based on their religion. Therefore, there exists a positive correlation between what is regarded as their faith and their behavior.
The third article, “Religiosity and attitudes towards redistribution.” has a positive correlation to the research proposal by supporting the fact that religion affects the nature of human social behavior. For instance, religion affects psychological involvement in networks (Salvatore & Rubin, 2018). Religion gives a sense of happiness that results from communal religious activities that affect the behaviors toward redistribution. Associating oneself with religious activities provides both psychological and material benefits. Further, various religious gatherings are known to relieve people from the stress-buffering effects of unemployment, marital separation, and loss of loved ones.
People associated with different religions are linked to various behaviors like generosity. For instance, the Islam and Christianity religion believes in giving and doing good. The teachings reinforce teachings of compassion and proper moral behavior of helping others. Participating in social gatherings increases the participation rate of social events for the religious members involved (Salvatore & Rubin, 2018).
The three peer-reviewed articles used surveys to collect the data. Surveys were conducted on people of different faith like Christianity, Hinduism, atheism, amongst others. Further, the study's methodology was aimed at discussing the aspects of qualitative research in human behavior and how it's related to religion and faiths based on religion. For the three articles, the data was collected to achieve the study's purpose and scope. Additionally, secondary data of the articles used to enrich the study was collected from published and unpublished data sources (Arikan & Ben-Nun Bloom, 2019)
. For instance, different research reports were prepared by research scholars, university students, and others. Some authors collected data from 49 democratic countries in wave 5 of the WVS. The authors of various articles used questionnaire design to get information about what they wanted to answer. Additionally, to address questions regarding the effect of religion on redistribution, data was collected through a conducted survey. The survey addressed the attitude of income equality in society and was treated as a continuous variable.
The article has both independent and dependent variables. The Independent variable of the religious belief was an additive index of two factors. The first being if the person considered themselves religious and the extent to which they associated themselves with the supernatural being they believed in religiously (Salvatore & Rubin, 2018). The survey questions were answered by giving ranges (0-10). From the initial articles, there seemed to exist a positive correlation between the religious beliefs and human behavior of different scenarios and areas.
A Survey of religious social behavior was measured by evaluating one’s frequency of attending social gatherings and if they identified themselves with a membership of any religious organizations (Arikan & Ben-Nun Bloom, 2019). A portrait value questionnaire was used in collecting the data from various participants of the study. The articles relate to my proposal in that the studies uphold the fact religions help build good human behavior.
Stenmark, M. (2016). Rationality in science, religion, and everyday life: A critical evaluation of four models of rationality. University of Notre Dame Press. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=2oYFDgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT8&dq=Religion+in+Everyday+Life&ots=Z-yRKf2cTh&sig=KP9wuaPoQ9jNUZJjnNj-UyL-6E0
Arikan, G., & Ben-Nun Bloom, P. (2019). "I was hungry, and you gave me food": Religiosity and attitudes toward redistribution. PloS one, 14(3), e0214054. https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214054
Salvatore, C., & Rubin, G. (2018). The influence of religion on the criminal behavior of emerging adults. Religions, 9(5), 141. https://www.mdpi.com/286824
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